Dry Process Cement Production Line
New Type Dry Process Cement Production Line
How does the dry process cement production line work?
- Material crushing and pre-homogenization
During cement production, majority raw materials require crushing, and these materials include limestone, clay, iron ore, and coal. Among them, limestone takes the largest portion, and has relatively larger particle size and higher hardness. This makes its crushing much more important than crushing of other types of raw materials.
(2) Raw material pre-homogenization
The dry process cement production line includes a material blending bed with both material storage and material pre-homogenization functions. Thus, material pre-homogenization is realized during material storage and reclaiming process.
- Raw mix preparation
The production of every 1 ton Portland cement requires at least 3 tons of material supplies, including various raw materials, fuels, clinker, mixtures, and gypsum. Statistically, 60% of the total energy consumption utilized during dry-process cement production can be attributed to powder grinding, of which cement pulverization, raw mix grinding, and coal pulverization account for 40, 30, and 3%, respectively.
Our dry process cement making machine ensures the fine raw material quality and minimized energy consumption, due to its optimized technological parameters and production process, high performance powder grinding mills, as well as convenient operation control.
- Raw mix homogenization
Cement clinker is made by heating homogeneous mixture of cement-production raw materials in a cement kiln. Stabilized and uniform raw mix composition is the prerequisite of attaining stabilized clinker. Raw mix homogenization serves as the last checkpoint to realize the prerequisite.
- Pre-heating and decomposition
Our dry process cement production line includes a preheater for pre-heating the raw mix and decomposition of some raw materials.
The preheating system carries out some of the functions of previously done by a rotary kiln, which allows for reduction of kiln length. The suspended state of raw mix in the preheater ensures maximized contact area between the materials and the heated gas exhausted from the kiln, resulting in fast heat transfer rate, and high heat transfer efficiency. Thus, the preheater also contributes to improving the production efficiency of rotary kiln, and reducing the heat consumption for clinker making.
(1) Material scattering
80% heat transfer is implemented at the inlet of the preheating pipeline. Under the impact force of the high speed upraising gas-stream in the pipeline, the feeding raw mix goes upward along with the hot air, and is scattered during the process.
(2) Gas-solid separation
When the gas-solid mixtures enter into the cyclone, they are forced to do continuous downward rotary motion in the annular space between the cyclone body and the inner air-exhaust pipe. When the mixture moves down to the bottom of the cyclone, the gas will move upward again, and finally will be exhausted from the exhaust tube.
The dry process cement production line is designed with a decomposition furnace between the preheater and the rotary kiln. Available with a fuel jetting system, the furnace makes sure the heat-generating fuel-burning process and heat-absorbing carbonate-decomposition process are conducted synchronously at a very high speed, with materials in suspended or fluidized state. This delivers high raw mix decomposition rate over 90%.
While completing the carbonate-decomposition job conventionally conducted in the rotary kiln, the decomposition furnace also undertakes the job of fuel burning, and only a small quantity of fuel is fed into the kiln head. This largely reduces the heat demand of the kiln’s burning zone, and extends the service life of kiln lining materials. This is also in favor of large cement making projects.
Additionally, the uniform mixture between fuel and raw mix ensures fast heat transfer, delivering high efficiency and low energy consumption.
- Cement clinker production
After preheating and pre-decomposition, the raw mix is delivered to the rotary kiln for calcination.
In the kiln, the carbonate is further decomposed, and also comes up a series of solid-phase reactions. The products of the chemical reaction becomes into liquid phase along with temperature increase. Some of the compositions in the molten mineral will react with each other to generate cement clinker. After that, the temperature starts decreasing.
Our dry process cement production line is available with a clinker cooling system to cool down the cement clinker delivered from the kiln, thus facilitating following steps such as conveying, temporary storage, and cement mill grinding. Meanwhile, the production line collects the sensible heat from the heat clinker, thus improving system thermal efficiency and clinker quality.
- Cement grinding
Cement grinding is the last step in cement making, and also consumes the most electricity. Our cement production line adopts a high performance cement mill to grind the cement clinker, and additives like gelatinizing agent, etc., into powder particles with desired fineness and specific surface area. After grinding, the powder comes with a specific grain composition, increased hydration speed, and increased specific surface area, satisfying the hardening demands of cement paste.
- Cement packing
The cement can be packed by bags before leaving factory, or transported in bulk directly.
- Cement production process flow
Cement Making Equipment | Instant Dry Cement Machine | Cement Preparation Equipment